Septic Tank System Leaks How To Fix

Septic Tank System Leaks How To Fix

Regular inspection for Septic Tank System Leaks of the septic tank does help to increase the longevity of a septic tank thereby keeping it free of any hassle for years to come. But there are also instances wherein part or parts of the septic tank system starts to leak. Since the whole system is generally installed underground, it is very difficult to understand the state the septic tank is in until such time as it starts to leak. 

Reasons for the leakage

Before any action is taken, it is very important to identify the source and reason of the leak. The source of the leak can be exactly pinpointed by careful inspection of both the drains going into and coming out of the tank. Both of these leak causing reasons are problematic in themselves. This is because leaks coming out of the tank prevent the drain field from being thoroughly tested while leaks into the tank can result in excessive flooding of the drain-fields and filling up of the septic tank leading to overflow. 

Thus leaks in the septic tank system can be said to generally occur in any of the following regions of the septic tank system like:

  • At the entrance and exit of the sewer lines going into or coming out of the tank,
  • Sewer pipes getting damaged,
  • Ill-fitting covers of septic tanks or its clean out ports,
  • Rusting of the steel tank wherein the solid and liquid wastes get collected,
  • Cracking of the tank in question,
  • Damages incurred by plastic or fiberglass tanks etc.

Temporary Damage-control

Irrespective of where the leak is, the fact that there is a leak indicates a failure in the working of the same. Thus, in order to understand the extent of the damage caused and whether it is in a state of being repaired, it is very important to call in professionals like who can conduct a thorough investigation and find the source of the same. Other ways of controlling and sealing leakages from septic tanks are:

  • Pumping the septic tank: This is a temporary solution which will give the homeowners time to find ways to deal with the leak. Since the tank has a capacity to hold several days of waste products, pumping the tank will ensure that there is less pressure on the leak and water seepage would either get highly reduced or completely stop for a few days. Of course if the leak is between the house and the septic tank, cleaning the septic would not be able to help at all. Another instance wherein pumping the tank would not work is when the leakage is caused due to high levels of groundwater.
  • Water conservation: On spotting a leakage, it is always better to use as little water as possible till such time as the problem is sorted. This will help control the amount of waste water flowing out of leakages present between the house and the septic tank. But this again is a temporary solution which will help significantly reduce the problem but not alleviate it completely. 
  • Fencing off the area: This is a preventive measure which needs to be taken so that people and pets do not come in contact with the waste water and other toxic effluents that are mixed in it. 

Permanent control of septic tank system leakages

The permanent solution to a leak can only be undertaken once the septic tank experts know the cause of the leak like:

  • Gurgling sound: Pipes making gurgling sounds especially when accompanied with water backup in bath tubs, sinks and toilets, are a sure indication that the water leakage is due to either:
    • Blockages present in sewer piping,
    • Drain-vent system is either inadequately built or blocked or
    • Plumbing drain blockages.

The problem of leakage can thus be solved easily by clearing up the clogged regions thereby ensuring smooth functioning of the septic tank.

  • Drying out of P-Trap: The connection between the home and the septic tank is facilitated with the help of numerous pipes which can dry up and subsequently crack up due to weather and climatic conditions. Thus the replacement of the cracked pipe offers a perfectly simple solution to any leakages occurring due to this. Care must also be taken to flush out toilets and sinks regularly, especially when they are not in consistent use.
  • Vent pipe clogging: This is the pipe connected to the main plumbing of a house. It exits through the roof and is mainly concerned with equalising the pressure inside the pipes running through the house. Clogging of this pipe will put the plumbing system into stress and thereby give rise to leakages. Thus this pipe needs to be unclogged and the leak repaired immediately.
  • Septic tank leakage: When used over a period of time the septic tank might develop cracks from the wear and tear that it suffers and waste water might leak out. In this instance it is best to replace the septic tank if it is made of plastic, steel or fibreglass. Concrete septic tanks can either be repaired; if such a probability exists otherwise it too needs to be replaced immediately.

But prevention is always better than the cure. Hence care should be taken to ensure that leakages are not allowed to happen and any sign of the same developing is dealt with immediately.

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