Bacteria in Your Septic System
Bacteria in Your Septic System. A septic system is out of sight, so it is easy for most homeowners not to think of it. There is more to this system than being a maze of pipes and drains. It is a highly active, living environment. It is a microbial system comprising of various bacteria, enzymes, and yeasts, all of which are working continuously to maintain the ‘health’ of the system. These bacteria and other microbes are important to the functioning of your septic system and you should be careful about what you put into it, while also ensuring its timely maintenance and repair.
At Diamond Septic Pumping, we would like to share some valuable insight into the importance of septic system bacteria and ways to maintain a ‘healthy’ system.
Types of Septic Tank Bacteria
There are two primary types of bacteria in your septic tank. Their purpose is to break down all solids at different levels of the tank and to initiate the decomposition process. The two different types of bacteria are as follows:
i. Aerobic Bacteria
Aerobic bacteria in the septic tank require oxygen to survive. They work by breaking down the organic waste in the tank before feeding on it. These bacteria are highly sensitive to any changes to their environment and are larger compared to their anaerobic counterparts.
ii. Anaerobic Bacteria
As the name suggests, anaerobic bacteria need no oxygen to survive. These bacteria work at a lower level of the septic tank to break down the waste. They are better capable of withstanding changes to their environment.
How Do the Bacteria Work?
In an ordinary situation, the solid waste materials entering your septic system will need to be removed with a regular septic pumping service. Else, they would cause the clogging of the drainage field and cause a backup. However, it is these different bacteria that prevent the need for frequent pumping. They help push back the need to pump the septic tank every 3 to 5 years.
- The wastewater in the septic tank will separate into 3 layers
- Aerobic bacteria will break down and digest the top layer of the waste
- Anaerobic bacteria break down the sludge at the bottom of the tank
- Almost 50% of the solid waste gets broken down into gases such as sulfur dioxide, methane, and hydrogen sulfide
Septic tank pumping service is required only to remove the sludge that remains after the bacteria have done their job.
Ensuring Healthy Septic System Bacteria
You can prevent your septic system from breaking down or requiring emergency pumping or more frequent tank pumping if you know what you can put in the drain and toilet. It is recommended to prevent the following materials from getting into the system:
- Non-biodegradable detergents
- Liquid bleach
- Prescription drugs, strong over-the-counter medications, & antibiotics
If you are concerned about maintaining the bacterial balance in the system, you can take a few steps in the right direction. The following are simple things you can do:
- Add beneficial bacteria to the septic system
- Get the septic tank professionally cleaned from time to time
- Prevent solid objects from getting into the tank
- If there are any issues, get them fixed quickly without wasting time
You can rely on the services and guidance of Diamond Septic Pumping to ensure your septic system is well maintained and operates at its optimal levels at all times. We provide septic tank pumping, emergency pumping, and grease trap pumping services throughout Southern California. Feel free to contact us at 1-866-592-2115 to discuss your needs or septic system problems. You may also send us your queries using this Online Form and we will get back to you at the earliest.